Dressage Arena – Official Dimensions and Perfect Measurements

A dressage arena, also known as a dressage ring or horse arena similar to a horse racing track, is a standard area used for dressage competitions and training. Dressage arenas come in small and standard sizes. The 20 x 40 meter is the short dressage arena (or approximately 66 ft. x 132 ft). It is typically used for eventing’s lowest stages of dressage. The ideal size arena, which is 20m X 60m (66×197 feet) in size, is used for competitions in both pure dressage and eventing at the highest levels.

There are letters on the perimeter fence of each arena indicating specific movement locations and providing a framework for riders to practice maneuvers.

Horse Arena Dimensions, Arena Layout, Dressage Arena Size

The layout of a dressage ring typically consists of a rectangular or square-shaped arena with a flat, level surface. The arena is usually marked with letters placed around the perimeter at specific intervals, which are used to define specific points and movements during a dressage test.

The dressage ring is typically constructed using a combination of materials, including sand, rubber, and synthetic fibers. The surface should be level and free of any holes or bumps that could cause injury to the horse.

Standard Dressage Arena Measurements – 60m x 20m Dressage Arena Layout

Dressage Arena 60x20
Dressage Arena 60×20

The dimensions of a dressage ring can vary depending on the level of competition and eventing, but the professional dimensions for indoor arena size used in international competitions and recognized by the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) are 20 meters wide by 60 meters long (66 feet by 197 feet).

This premier arena size provides enough space for basic dressage movements and jumping exercises.

Small Practice – 40 x 20 Dressage Ring

A small ring of dressage is an enclosed space where dressage riders can train and perform their horses. The dimensions of a small dressage arena are standardized and regulated by the United States Dressage Federation (USDF) and the International Equestrian Federation (FEI).

Typically, smaller arenas are used for lower-level competitions or training purposes. For example, an arena used for training or lower-level competitions maybe 20 meters wide by 40 meters long ( 66 feet by 131 feet).

Dressage Arena 40x20
Dressage Arena 40×20

Riding Experience

Riding in a standard dressage ring provides ample space for horses to move and perform complex movements required in advanced-level dressage tests. A smaller arena requires the horse and rider to have more precise control and to be able to execute movements in a more confined space.

What Do The Dressage Arena Letters Mean? – Letters in a dressage arena

Dressage is an equestrian sport that involves precise movements, control, and harmony between horse and rider. One important aspect of dressage is the use of a standard arena with letters marking specific points. These dressage rail letters are used as a reference point for the rider to execute specific movements and transitions. 

Here is a detailed explanation of what each letter in the dressage arena means and how they are used:

  • A – This letter is placed in the middle of the dressage arena, between the two short sides. It also serves as the reference point for the entrance and exit of the horse and rider from the arena.
  • S also used as a reference point for the start and end of the dressage competition.
  • C – C is located at the center of the arena’s long side. This letter is used as a reference point for straightness and balance in the horse’s movement.
  • E – E is located in the middle of the arena’s short side, opposite from A. It is used as a reference point for the entry and exit of the horse and rider into the arena.
  • B – B is located at the center of the opposite long side of the arena from C. This letter is used as a reference point for the horse’s change of rein, as well as transitions between the walk and trot.
  • F – F is located in the middle of the opposite short side of the arena from E. This letter is used as a reference point for the horse’s canter departures and transitions.
  • H, K, M –These letters are placed on the long side of the arena, between the corners and C. They are used as reference points for lateral movements such as leg yields, shoulder-in, and half-pass.
  • V – V is located at the center of the opposite end of the arena from A. It is used as a reference point for the horse’s movements on the diagonal line, such as half-pass and flying changes.
  • S, P – These letters are located on the short sides of the arena, between the corners and E. They are used as reference points for transitions, halts, and changes of direction.

 The letters in a dressage arena provide a standardized reference point for riders to execute specific movements and transitions.

Letters in Arena
Letters in Arena


Jumping is a well-known equestrian discipline in which men and women compete equally in both individual and team competitions. The horse and rider must successfully complete a course of 10 to 13 jumps in order to win a jumping competition. The goal was to evaluate the team’s knowledge, skill level, and preparation.

The dressage portion of the test is judged on the horse’s obedience, suppleness, and correct execution of movements, while the jumping portion is judged on the horse’s technique, speed, and agility over the obstacles.

Jumping Arena Size

A horse must navigate between 10 to 16 obstacles, including vertical jumps, spreads, and double and triple combinations, typically with frequent changes in direction, during a jumping competition. These obstacles have 2 meters wide and 1.6 meters high. Jumps can be performed vertically, on a triple bar, across a rail, or in open water.


66 feet by 197 feet

Typically, there are 12 letters used in a standard dressage arena. The letters are placed around the arena’s edge at specific points to mark the location of certain movements in a dressage test. 

A plastic dressage arena is a type of dressage arena that is made from durable plastic materials. These arenas are becoming more popular as an alternative to traditional wooden or metal arenas.

 66 feet by 197 feet


A dressage arena provides a standardized platform for the sport of dressage, allowing riders and horses to train and compete in a safe, level, and controlled environment, providing a foundation for excellence and a showcase for the beauty and harmony of the horse and rider partnership.

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